Astigmatism is an eye defect in which the cornea of an eye has an irregular shape causing blurred vision.

Types of astigmatism

  1. Corneal Astigmatism: Here, Cornea has unequal curvatures in different meridians.
  2. Lenticular Astigmatism: Here, irregularities are in the shape of the eye not in the cornea.

Symptoms of Astigmatism

  • Eye strain
  • Headaches
  • Squinting
  • Difficulty in seeing at night
  • Double vision
  • Blurred vision

Factors responsible for Astigmatism

  • Irregular shape of cornea: The cornea may be of different shape by birth. Hence, uneven curvature can cause astigmatism.
  • Premature birth: Those kids born premature, may experience chances of astigmatism.
  • Certain Health Conditions: Diseases like diabetes contribute change in the cornea’s shape.
  • Eyelid pressure:  Excessive pressure on eyelids can influence the shape of the cornea.
  • Genetics: Any person with a family history of Astigmatism is more likely develop the same.  
  • Keratoconus: It’s an eye disorder in which the cornea of an eye becomes thinner and then conical leading to astigmatism.

Prevention from Astigmatism

  • Eye protection: Wear good quality eye wear so that it can prevent trauma that might cause changes in cornea.
  • Eye hygiene: Always wash hands properly before touching eyes and try to maintain good hygiene.
  • Avoid smoking: Eye diseases are also the reason for smoking. So, quit it.
  • Take breaks from screen time: Use the 20-20-20 rule.
  • Proper contact lens care: Follow proper hygiene and instructions given by an eye care professional, if wearing contact lens.
  • Manage systemic health conditions: Never take your health for granted specially if you are suffering from Diabetes. If not taken care properly then it might affect overall health including eye health.

Treatment of Astigmatism needs around Rs.20, 000 – 1, 00,000 depending on the condition including surgeries. Netranjali Foundation Trust will help you in the best possible ways.